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This framework combines multiple binary classifiers, and can be used for either linear or nonlinear feature learning. Zhong, Chherawala, and Cheriet comprehensively compared three types of supervised dimensionality reduction algorithms for recognition tasks. Zhong, Wang, and Dong reviewed some classic feature learning and deep learning models from the perspective of data representation learning.

Particularly, the authors presented the development of the learning methods in history. This toolbox can be used to support research on feature learning. Deep learning is the hotspot of recent AI research. Many deep learning models have been proposed and applied to a variety of domains, such as image classification, object detection, and speech recognition.

Before introducing concrete deep learning algorithms and their applications, we first present some basic concepts and notations of deep neural networks. The design of neurons in deep neural networks is inspired by biological neurons, which have interconnections and can be activated with certain inputs. Neural network is composed of neurons, where outputs of some neurons act as inputs to other neurons. Neural networks are usually constructed as layers of connections, and each layer includes many neurons. The activation function is used to add nonlinear factors to the neural network, so that the neural network can solve complex problems.

Here, sigmoid and tanh are saturating nonlinearities units, while ReLU is nonsaturating. The work of Krizhevsky et al. A traditional convolutional neural network CNN generally includes convolution layers shown in Figure 1 a , pooling layers shown in Figure 1 b , FC layers, and the softmax function. Convolutional layer applies a convolution operation to the inputs, processes data on its local receptive fields, and passes the results to the next layer. Furthermore, CNNs share weights in the convolutional layers, where the same learnable filter is used for every local receptive field in the same layer.

Additionally, we can use multiple filters to fully extract features of the data. The softmax function is used in multiclass classification applications to represent a categorical distribution, As the number of layers of neural networks increases, there will be a problem of gradient vanishing or gradient exploding.

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Gradient vanishing is a problem in which the gradient will be close to 0, which may prevent the weights from being updated, and gradient exploding usually happens when the initialization weight is too large, which leads to that the gradient of deep layer increases exponentially during training. Overfitting is a common and serious problem in deep neural networks. The key idea of it is to temporarily and randomly drop units along with their connections from the neural network during training so that we train a different network in each epoch.

In the first layer of the network, edge features are generally extracted. The deeper the network is, the more abstract the extracted features are. Hence, how to design the network architecture, train the model parameters, and make the network to extract effective features are critical to the deep learning applications. Furthermore, the capacity of deep neural networks can be controlled by varying their width and depth Krizhevsky et al.

Therefore, the main work of scientists has become how to design a network wide enough and deep enough to solve problems encountered. Such a deep network makes feature learning effective and the solution reliable. In the following, we summarize the benefits deep architectures bring from the optimization of their width and depth. Here, we use width to denote the dimensionality of the representations at a certain level, such as the number of neurons in a hidden layer or the dimensionality of features learned by a nonlinear operation.

Alternatively, we use depth to denote the number of levels of the nonlinear operations, such as the number of hidden and output layers in multilayer feedforward networks. That is, multilayer feedforward networks are universal approximators. That is, the distributed and sparse representations learned by deep architectures are relatively more powerful than that learned by general shallow architectures.

In this case, is it still useful to optimize the width of deep architectures? Pandey and Dukkipati proposed the stretching technique. Let be the input of the corresponding layer. We have 14 where Based on this stretching technique, Zheng et al. Experimental results on handwriting recognition tasks demonstrated the effectiveness of the proposed deep architectures. Cai, Zhong, Zheng, Huang, and Dong applied the stretching technique on deep convolutional activation feature DeCAF , which are features extracted from the activation outputs of a deep convolutional network.

From these work, we can see that, although how many neurons should a hidden layer have is still an open problem, optimizing the width of the neural network may help for the classification results. It is a sample that increases the width also the depth of the network while keeping the computational budget constant Szegedy et al. GoogLeNet uses an Inception module as shown in Figure 3. This module allows for increasing the number of units at each stage significantly and extracting features from different scales.

Wide and successful applications of deep learning also demonstrate that depth of deep architectures greatly benefits the learning algorithms. In the following, we review some influential deep learning models to show the benefits from the optimization of the depth of deep architectures. For large size images, convolutional neural networks CNNs , inspired by biological characteristics, are widely applied. CNNs combine three architectural ideas to improve the learning accuracy and efficiency: local receptive fields, shared weights and spatial pooling Lecun et al.

With local receptive fields, the low layers of CNNs can detect elementary features, such as edges and corners. Since the inputs are generally large size images, the computational complexity will be very high if full connections are applied. Hence, weight sharing is a method to reduce the number of parameters, where at each convolutional layer, all the sets of units share the same weights.

AlexNet is a deep CNN model to classify 1. It achieves the best result in ILSVRC, which lets deep learning attract much attention from both the academic and industrial area. Totally, it includes about 60 million parameters and , neurons. The structure of AlexNet is shown in Figure 5. While fixing other parameters of the network, it steadily adds more and more convolutional layers.

Figure 6 shows the configuration of VGGNet. The depth of the VGGNet configuration increases from left A to right E , as more layers are added most of them are convolutional layers, shown in boldface. And it also allows for increasing the depth of the network while keeping the computational budget constant. The special building module Inception is shown in Figure 3.

Inception is to find out how an optimal local sparse structure in a convolutional network can be approximated and covered by readily available dense components. GoogLeNet also incorporates biological properties that visual information can be acquired at different scales and then aggregated so that the next stage can abstract features from the different scales simultaneously Szegedy et al. As we mentioned before, when training deep networks, there is a very challenging problem, the degradation problem: with the increasing of the network depth, accuracy gets saturated and then degrades rapidly.

Added to NRS by , ; A , ; , ; , , ; , Added to NRS by , ; A , ; , ; , , ; , , effective July 1, Except as otherwise provided in subsection 3, any voluntary contributions collected pursuant to subsection 12 of NRS The Department shall remit monthly the contributions directly:. The Department shall certify monthly to the State Board of Examiners the amount of the voluntary contributions collected pursuant to subsection 12 of NRS The Department shall deduct and withhold 1 percent of the contributions collected pursuant to subsection 1 to reimburse the Department for its expenses in collecting and distributing the contributions.

The Motor Vehicle Revolving Account is hereby created and must be used for making change in the main and branch offices of the Department. The State Board of Examiners shall determine the amount of money to be deposited in the Account, within the limits of money available for that purpose.

Added to NRS by , ; A , ; , ; , ; , ; , ; , ; , For the purposes of this chapter, if an odometer that is connected to a motor vehicle is not capable of registering , miles or more, the odometer shall be deemed to register the actual mileage the vehicle has traveled while in operation. The Department may:. Enter into written agreements providing for the periodic payment of delinquent taxes or fees imposed pursuant to this chapter.

Except as otherwise provided in this chapter and NRS Except as otherwise provided in this section and NRS Except as otherwise provided in subsections 7 and 8 and NRS Except as otherwise provided in subsection 7 and NRS Upon the application of the owner of a fleet of vehicles, the Director may permit the owner to register the fleet on the basis of a calendar year. Except as otherwise provided in subsections 6, 7 and 8, when the registration of any vehicle is transferred pursuant to NRS When the registration of any trailer that is registered for a 3-year period pursuant to NRS A full trailer or semitrailer that is registered pursuant to subsection 3 of NRS A moped that is registered pursuant to NRS Added to NRS by , ; A , ; , ; , , ; , 89 ; , ; , ; , , ; , ; , ; , , , ; , ; , ; , 54 ; , ; , Except as otherwise provided in subsections 3, 6, 7 and 8, when the registration of any vehicle is transferred pursuant to NRS Added to NRS by , ; A , ; , ; , , ; , 89 ; , ; , ; , , ; , ; , ; , , , ; , ; , ; , 54 ; , ; , ; , , effective on the earlier of July 1, , or the date on which the Director of the Department of Motor Vehicles notifies the Governor and the Director of the Legislative Counsel Bureau that sufficient resources are available to enable the Department to carry out the provisions of chapter , Statutes of Nevada , at page A trailer may be registered for a 3-year period as provided in this section.

A person who registers a trailer for a 3-year period must pay upon registration all fees and taxes that would be due during the 3-year period if he or she registered the trailer for 1 year and renewed that registration for 2 consecutive years immediately thereafter, including, without limitation:.

A license plate issued pursuant to this section will be reissued as provided in NRS Added to NRS by , ; A , , , ; , Any vehicle which is leased by a long-term lessor to a long-term lessee having a place of business or residence in this State, for use on the public highways of this State, is subject to registration in this State either by the long-term lessor or the long-term lessee. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Department shall not impose an additional fee against the owner of a vehicle for the delinquent or late registration of that vehicle if the owner was a member of the military deployed to a combat or combat supporting position at the time of the expiration of the prior registration.

Evidence that the owner of a vehicle was a member of the military deployed to a combat or combat supporting position at a particular time must be furnished by an affidavit executed by a person having knowledge of the fact. The affidavit must accompany the application for renewal of registration. The term does not include a fee or tax that would be due and payable irrespective of the registration of a vehicle being late.

The provisions of this chapter requiring the registration of certain vehicles do not apply to:. Each application must be made upon the appropriate form furnished by the Department and contain:. The Department shall use this declaration to determine the county to which the governmental services tax is to be paid. If the application is submitted by electronic means pursuant to NRS The application form must state in a clear and conspicuous manner that a contribution for a Complete Streets Program is nonrefundable and voluntary and is in addition to any fees required for registration, and must include a method by which the applicant must indicate his or her intention to opt in or opt out of making such a contribution.

The application must contain such other information as is required by the Department or registered dealer and must be accompanied by proof of ownership satisfactory to the Department. For purposes of the evidence required by paragraph f of subsection The owner may file a single certificate of insurance covering that fleet. The owner of a moped shall, before the moped may be operated upon any highway in this State, apply to the Department for and obtain registration thereof. The application must be made upon the appropriate form as prescribed by the Department.

An application for the registration of a moped pursuant to this section must include:. An application for the registration of a moped pursuant to subsection 2 must be accompanied by:. The Department may by regulation establish a fee for such an inspection. A sheriff or deputy sheriff shall, upon the request of the applicant, conduct such an inspection and transmit his or her determination, in writing, to the Department and may collect the fee established by the Department pursuant to subsection 4 for such an inspection.

All fees collected pursuant to this subsection must be accounted for as provided in subsection 6 of NRS The registration issued pursuant to this section is not renewable or transferable, and a moped that is registered pursuant to this section is registered until the date on which the owner of the moped:. The Department may, upon proof of ownership satisfactory to it, issue a certificate of title before the registration of a moped pursuant to this section.

A certificate of title issued pursuant to this subsection is valid until cancelled by the Department upon the transfer of interest therein. A new vehicle dealer who is authorized to issue certificates of registration pursuant to subsection 1 shall:. A new vehicle dealer who is authorized to issue certificates of registration pursuant to subsection 1 shall not:. The provisions of this section do not apply to the registration of a moped pursuant to NRS The Director shall adopt such regulations as are necessary to carry out the provisions of this section.

The regulations adopted pursuant to this subsection must provide for:. Added to NRS by , ; A , , , , ; , ; , , , , , , , , ; , 89 , 92 , , , ; , ; , ; , ; , , ; , , , , ; , , Upon the request of a motor carrier or a service provider, the Department may enter into an agreement with the motor carrier or service provider which authorizes the motor carrier or service provider:.

Before registering or transferring or renewing the registration of any vehicle pursuant to subsection If a motor carrier or service provider provides a savings certificate, certificate of deposit or investment certificate pursuant to NRS If at any time a motor carrier or service provider is unable to account for an unissued license plate or decal, the motor carrier or service provider must immediately pay to the Department an amount established by the Department.

If at any time a motor carrier or service provider is unable to account for an unissued license plate, the motor carrier or service provider must immediately pay to the Department an amount established by the Department. If the Department determines that the motor carrier responsible for the safety of a commercial motor vehicle with a gross vehicle weight rating, a combined gross vehicle weight rating, a gross vehicle weight or a combined gross vehicle weight in excess of 26, pounds which is operating in intrastate commerce and which is registered pursuant to this section is subject to an out-of-service order, the Department may:.

The Department, in revoking a registration pursuant to paragraph a of subsection 5, shall comply with the requirements of subsections 4 and 5 of NRS Added to NRS by , ; A , , effective on the earlier of July 1, , or the date on which the Director of the Department of Motor Vehicles notifies the Governor and the Director of the Legislative Counsel Bureau that sufficient resources are available to enable the Department to carry out the provisions of chapter , Statutes of Nevada , at page Any person who is the owner of a vehicle described in subsection 1 of NRS The books, papers and records must be made available for inspection by the Department during normal business hours.

For any person who fails to maintain books, papers or records as required pursuant to subsection 1, the Department may:. If the vehicle to be registered is a specially constructed, reconstructed, rebuilt or foreign vehicle, that fact must be stated in the application. Except for a peace officer acting in his or her official capacity, the Department or any of its authorized inspection agents shall charge the fee imposed by the Department by regulation for inspection of any vehicle described in subsection 1. Before an application for a title for a rebuilt, reconstructed or specially constructed vehicle may be submitted, the vehicle must be inspected and a certificate of inspection must be completed on a form prescribed by the Department which attests that:.

An application for a title for a rebuilt, reconstructed or specially constructed vehicle must include an affidavit which states that the vehicle:. Any of the following persons may complete the inspection and sign the certificate of inspection and the affidavit required by subsections 1 and The Department may not issue a certificate of registration for more than replica vehicles each year. The fact that the vehicle is to be registered as a replica vehicle must be stated in the application for registration.

When application is made to the Department for registration of a vehicle purchased outside this State and not previously registered within this State where the registrant or owner at the time of purchase was not a resident of or employed in this State, the Department or its agent shall determine and collect any sales or use tax due and shall remit the tax to the Department of Taxation except as otherwise provided in NRS If the registrant or owner of the vehicle was a resident of the State, or employed within the State, at the time of the purchase of that vehicle, it is presumed that the vehicle was purchased for use within the State and the representative or agent of the Department of Taxation shall collect the tax and remit it to the Department of Taxation.

Until all applicable taxes and fees are collected, the Department shall refuse to register the vehicle. In any county whose population is less than 55,, the Department shall designate the county assessor as the agent of the Department for the collection of any sales or use tax. If the registrant or owner desires to refute the presumption stated in subsection 2 that he or she purchased the vehicle for use in this State, the registrant or owner must pay the tax to the Department and then may submit a claim for exemption in writing, signed by the registrant or owner or his or her authorized representative, to the Department together with a claim for refund of tax erroneously or illegally collected.

If the Department finds that the tax has been erroneously or illegally collected, the tax must be refunded. When the applicant therefor is not entitled thereto pursuant to the provisions of this chapter. When the applicant has neglected or refused to furnish the Department or registered dealer with the information required in the appropriate official form or reasonable additional information required by the Department or registered dealer.

When the fees required therefor by law have not been paid. When the applicant for the registration of a commercial motor vehicle with a gross vehicle weight rating, a combined gross vehicle weight rating, a gross vehicle weight or a combined gross vehicle weight in excess of 26, pounds and which is intended to operate in intrastate commerce is a motor carrier who:. Except as otherwise provided in subsection 3, the Department shall not register a motor vehicle if a local authority has filed with the Department a notice stating that the owner of the motor vehicle:.

The Department shall, upon request, furnish to the owner of the motor vehicle a copy of the notice of nonpayment described in subsection 1. The Department may register a motor vehicle for which the Department has received a notice of nonpayment described in subsection 1 if:. The Department shall file each application received and register the vehicle therein described and the owner thereof in suitable books or on index cards as follows:.

A registered dealer who registers a vehicle shall assign a registration number for that vehicle according to a list of registration numbers issued by the Department for use by that dealer. Upon the registration of a vehicle, the Department or a registered dealer shall issue a certificate of registration to the owner. When an applicant for registration or transfer of registration is unable, for any reason, to submit to the Department in support of the application for registration, or transfer of registration, such documentary evidence of legal ownership as, in the opinion of the Department, is sufficient to establish the legal ownership of the vehicle concerned in the application for registration or transfer of registration, the Department may issue to the applicant only a certificate of registration.

The Department may, upon proof of ownership satisfactory to it, issue a certificate of title before the registration of the vehicle concerned. The certificate of registration issued pursuant to this chapter is valid only during the registration period or calendar year for which it is issued, and a certificate of title is valid until cancelled by the Department upon the transfer of interest therein.

The Department may, upon proof of ownership satisfactory to it or pursuant to NRS The certificate of registration must contain upon the face thereof the date issued, the registration number assigned to the vehicle, the name and address of the registered owner, the county where the vehicle is to be based unless it is deemed to have no base, a description of the registered vehicle and such other statement of facts as may be determined by the Department.

The certificate of title must contain upon the face thereof the date issued, the name and address of the registered owner and the owner or lienholder, if any, a description of the vehicle, any entries required by NRS The reverse side of the certificate of title must contain forms for notice to the Department of a transfer of the title or interest of the owner or lienholder and application for registration by the transferee. If a new certificate of title is issued for a vehicle, it must contain the same information as the replaced certificate, except to the extent that the information has changed after the issuance of the replaced certificate.

Except as otherwise required by federal law, the certificate of title of a vehicle which the Department knows to have been stolen must not contain any statement or other indication that the mileage specified in the certificate or registered on the odometer is anything other than the actual mileage traveled by the vehicle, in the absence of proof that the odometer of the vehicle has been disconnected, reset or altered.

The owner or joint owners of a motor vehicle, trailer or semitrailer may request the Department to issue a certificate of title in beneficiary form for the motor vehicle, trailer or semitrailer, as applicable, which includes a directive to the Department to transfer the certificate of title upon the death of the owner or upon the death of all joint owners to a beneficiary named on the face of the certificate of title. A request made pursuant to subsection 1 must be submitted on an application made available by the Department and accompanied by the fee for the issuance of a certificate of title.

A certificate of title in beneficiary form may not be issued to a person who holds an interest in a motor vehicle, trailer or semitrailer as a tenant in common with another person. During the lifetime of a sole owner or before the death of the last surviving joint owner:. The interest of the beneficiary in a motor vehicle, trailer or semitrailer on the death of the sole owner or on the death of the last surviving joint owner is subject to any contract of sale, assignment or ownership or security interest to which the owner or owners of the motor vehicle, trailer or semitrailer were subject during their lifetime.

Except as otherwise provided in paragraph b of subsection 5, the designation of a beneficiary in a certificate of title in beneficiary form may not be changed or revoked by will, any other instrument or a change in circumstances, or otherwise changed or revoked. For the purposes of complying with the provisions of subsection 8, the Department may rely on a death certificate, record or report that constitutes prima facie evidence of death. The transfer on death of a motor vehicle, trailer or semitrailer pursuant to this section is not considered as testamentary and is not subject to administration pursuant to the provisions of title 12 of NRS.

Upon receipt of a certificate of registration, the owner shall place it or a legible copy in the vehicle for which it is issued and keep it in the vehicle. If the vehicle is a motorcycle, moped, trailer or semitrailer, the owner shall carry the certificate in the tool bag or other convenient receptacle attached to the vehicle. The owner or operator of a motor vehicle shall, upon demand, surrender the certificate of registration or the copy for examination to any peace officer, including a constable of the township in which the motor vehicle is located or a justice of the peace or a deputy of the Department.

No person charged with violating this section may be convicted if the person produces in court a certificate of registration which was previously issued to him or her and was valid at the time of the demand.

NRS: CHAPTER - MOTOR VEHICLES AND TRAILERS: LICENSING, REGISTRATION, SALES AND LEASES

When registering a vehicle, the Department and its agents or a registered dealer shall:. Upon proof of ownership satisfactory to the Director, the Director shall cause to be issued a certificate of title as provided in this chapter. The Department shall deduct and withhold 2 percent of the taxes collected pursuant to paragraph c of subsection 1 and remit the remainder to the Department of Taxation. A registered dealer shall forward all fees and taxes collected for the registration of vehicles to the Department.

A trailer being registered pursuant to NRS A full trailer or semitrailer being registered pursuant to subsection 3 of NRS The governmental services tax paid pursuant to this subsection is nontransferable and nonrefundable. A moped being registered pursuant to NRS Upon proof of ownership satisfactory to the Director or as otherwise provided in NRS If an applicant who is seeking a certificate of title to a vehicle from the Department pursuant to subsection 3 of NRS Any person damaged by the issuance of a certificate of title pursuant to this section has a right of action to recover on the bond for any breach of its conditions, except the aggregate liability of the surety to all persons must not exceed the amount of the bond.

The Department shall return the bond, and any deposit accompanying it, 3 years after the bond was filed with the Department, except that the Department shall not return the bond if the Department has been notified of the pendency of an action to recover on the bond. A right of action does not exist in favor of any person by reason of any action or failure to act on the part of the Department or any officer or employee thereof in carrying out the provisions of this section, or in giving or failing to give any information concerning the legal ownership of a vehicle or the existence of a title obtained pursuant to this section.

An applicant seeking a certificate of title pursuant to this section may participate in the electronic lien system authorized in NRS Added to NRS by , , effective July 1, A person who holds a lien on an abandoned recreational vehicle pursuant to NRS An application for title to an abandoned recreational vehicle must contain:. The Department may charge and collect a fee for issuing a certificate of title pursuant to this section, which must be the fee established by law for the Department to issue the certificate of title. Upon receipt of the materials and information required in subsection 2 and any fees required pursuant to subsection 3, the Department shall enter the application upon the records of its office and issue the certificate of title for the abandoned recreational vehicle.

A person to whom a certificate of title is issued pursuant to this section is not required to provide consideration for the recreational vehicle to the owner of the recreational vehicle. The Department may adopt any regulations necessary to carry out the provisions of this section. The Department shall furnish to every owner whose vehicle is registered two license plates for a motor vehicle other than a motorcycle or moped and one license plate for all other vehicles required to be registered hereunder.

The Director may adopt regulations to provide procedures for such reissuance. The Director shall have the authority to require the return to the Department of all number plates upon termination of the lawful use thereof by the owner under this chapter. Except as otherwise specifically provided by statute, for the issuance of each special license plate authorized pursuant to this chapter:. The provisions of subsection 4 do not apply to NRS If, with respect to a motor vehicle that is required to comply with the provisions of NRS B.

A person who desires to have regular or personalized license plates that are substantially in the same color and form as license plates manufactured before January 1, , must:. A request for license plates pursuant to this section does not, by itself, constitute a request for special license plates pursuant to subsection 4 of NRS After receiving a request and the full amount of the payment due for license plates requested pursuant to subsection 1, the Department shall manufacture the license plates using substantially the same process, dies and materials as were used to manufacture license plates before January 1, The Department shall deliver license plates requested pursuant to this section to a person who requests such license plates within days after acceptance of the written request or after receipt of payment therefor, whichever occurs last.

The form must include, without limitation, an indication of whether the requester desires to have the same letters and numbers on the license plates requested as are on the license plates that are registered to the requester at the time of the request. The manufacturing fee must be:. A person who requests license plates pursuant to this section may keep the license plates which are registered to him or her at the time of the request if the license plates requested contain the same letters and numbers as the license plates which are registered to the person at the time of the request.

License plates issued pursuant to this section which were manufactured on or after January 1, , and before June 30, , are not subject to reissue pursuant to subsection 2 of NRS Added to NRS by , ; A , , , ; , ; , ; , ; , The Director shall utilize the facility for the production of license plates which is located at the Department of Corrections to produce all license plates required by the Department of Motor Vehicles. In addition to any other applicable fee, there must be paid to the Department for each license plate issued for a motor vehicle, trailer or semitrailer, to defray the cost of producing the license plate:.

The Account is a continuing account without reversion. Interest and income earned on money in the Account must be credited to the Account. The money in the Account must be used only to defray the cost of producing license plates, as described in subsection 1. Except as otherwise provided in this section or by specific statute, the Director shall order the redesign and preparation of motor vehicle license plates. Except as otherwise provided in subsection 3, the Department may, upon the payment of all applicable fees, issue redesigned motor vehicle license plates. The Department shall not issue redesigned motor vehicle license plates pursuant to this section to a person who was issued motor vehicle license plates before January 1, , or pursuant to NRS The Director may determine and vary the size, shape and form and the material of which license plates are made, but each license plate must be of sufficient size to be plainly readable from a distance of feet during daylight.

All license plates must be treated to reflect light and to be at least times brighter than conventional painted number plates. When properly mounted on an unlighted vehicle, the license plates, when viewed from a vehicle equipped with standard headlights, must be visible for a distance of not less than 1, feet and readable for a distance of not less than feet. Each special license plate that is designed, prepared and issued pursuant to NRS The Director may order the preparation of sample license plates which must be of the same design and size as regular license plates or license plates issued pursuant to NRS The Director shall ensure that:.

The Director may order the preparation of sample license plates which must be of the same design and size as any of the special license plates issued pursuant to NRS A decal issued pursuant to NRS All money collected from the issuance of sample license plates must be deposited in the State Treasury for credit to the Motor Vehicle Fund. A person shall not affix a sample license plate issued pursuant to this section to a vehicle.

A person who violates the provisions of this subsection is guilty of a misdemeanor. Added to NRS by , ; A , , , , , ; , ; , ; , , ; , , The Director shall order the preparation of vehicle license plates for passenger cars and trucks in the same manner as is provided for motor vehicles generally in NRS Except as otherwise provided by specific statute, the Director shall determine the combinations of letters and numbers which constitute the designations for license plates assigned to passenger cars and trucks. Any license plate issued for a passenger car or truck before January 1, , bearing a designation which is not in conformance with the system described in subsection 2 is:.

Added to NRS by , ; A , ; , ; , , ; , ; , ; , ; , The Director shall order the preparation of decals which are adhesive strips treated to reflect light and designed to fit in the spaces reserved for the names of counties on vehicle license plates for passenger cars and trucks. Each decal must display the name of a county in prominent block lettering.

The decals described in subsection 1 may be purchased for display on license plates in the spaces reserved for them. They must be available for purchase upon request, in person or by mail, in every office where motor vehicle license plates may be purchased.

When any certificate of registration and vehicle license plate expires and remains expired for a continuous period longer than 18 months, the Department may issue, without notice to the previous registrant, replacement number plates which bear the same codes. The Department shall not issue more than three sets of plates to a licensee.

Such plates authorize the movement of vehicles in accordance with NRS Each license plate for a motorcycle or moped may contain a number of characters, including numbers and letters, as determined necessary by the Director. Only one plate may be issued for a motorcycle or moped. The Department shall ensure that the license plate for a moped is distinct in appearance from the license plate for a motorcycle. Such distinction may be provided by, without limitation, the size, color or design of the plate. A license plate produced pursuant to this subsection is not required to have displayed upon it the month and year the registration expires.

The Director shall order the preparation of vehicle license plates for trailers in the same manner provided for motor vehicles in NRS The Director shall order preparation of two sizes of vehicle license plates for trailers. The smaller plates may be used for trailers with a gross vehicle weight of less than 1, pounds.

The Director shall determine the registration numbers assigned to trailers. Any license plates issued for a trailer before July 1, , bearing a different designation from that provided for in this section, are valid during the period for which such plates were issued.

Construction Standards for Small Vessels (2010) - TP 1332 E

Any license plates issued for a trailer before January 1, , are not subject to reissue pursuant to subsection 2 of NRS The Department shall not issue for a full trailer or semitrailer that is registered pursuant to subsection 3 of NRS Added to NRS by , ; A , 53 ; , ; , 97 ; , ; , ; , ; , , ; , , , The license plates for a motor vehicle other than a motorcycle, moped or motor vehicle being transported by a licensed vehicle transporter must be attached thereto, one in the rear and, except as otherwise provided in subsection 2, one in the front.

The license plate issued for all other vehicles required to be registered must be attached to the rear of the vehicle. The license plates must be so displayed during the current calendar year or registration period. If the motor vehicle was not manufactured to include a bracket, device or other contrivance to display and secure a front license plate, and if the manufacturer of the motor vehicle provided no other means or method by which a front license plate may be displayed upon and secured to the motor vehicle:.

The provisions of subsection 2 do not relieve the Department of the duty to issue a set of two license plates as otherwise required pursuant to NRS If the owner of a motor vehicle, in accordance with the provisions of subsection 2, exercises the option to attach a license plate only to the rear of the motor vehicle, the owner shall:. Every license plate must at all times be securely fastened to the vehicle to which it is assigned so as to prevent the plate from swinging and at a height not less than 12 inches from the ground, measuring from the bottom of such plate, in a place and position to be clearly visible, and must be maintained free from foreign materials and in a condition to be clearly legible.

Any license plate which is issued to a vehicle transporter or a dealer, rebuilder or manufacturer may be attached to a vehicle owned or controlled by that person by a secure means. No license plate may be displayed loosely in the window or by any other unsecured method in any motor vehicle. Notwithstanding any provision of this chapter to the contrary:. Any agricultural user who wishes to operate or tow an implement of husbandry which is designed to operate at a speed of 25 miles per hour or more on the highways of this State, to operate an implement of husbandry on a highway of this State with a posted speed limit greater than 35 miles per hour or to transport a nonmotorized implement of husbandry on the highways of this State must submit an application to the Motor Carrier Division of the Department and obtain from the Division a farm license plate.

Each application must be made upon the appropriate form furnished by the Department. As soon as practicable after receiving the application, fee and evidence of insurance, the Department shall issue the farm license plate to the agricultural user to affix to the implement of husbandry. The farm license plate is not transferable and must be surrendered or returned to the Department within 60 days after a transfer of ownership or interest in the implement of husbandry occurs. The Department shall suspend a farm license plate issued pursuant to subsection 1 and require the return of the license plate to the Department if the agricultural user is not the holder of a policy of liability insurance specified in subsection 1.

A farm license plate issued pursuant to subsection 1 must be displayed on the implement of husbandry in such a manner that the license plate is easily visible from the rear of the implement of husbandry. The failure or inability to obtain an additional test by a person shall not preclude the admission of evidence relating to the test or tests taken at the direction of a law enforcement officer. Arrest of driver under influence of intoxicating liquor or drugs: RCW Arrest upon driving under the influence or being in physical control of vehicle under the influence, notation required if child is present — Arrest upon drug or alcohol-related driving offense, child protective services notified if child is present and operator is child's parent, guardian, or custodian.

This section does not require law enforcement to take custody of the child unless there is no other responsible person, or an agency having the right to physical custody of the child that can be contacted, or the officer has reasonable grounds to believe the child should be taken into custody pursuant to RCW No physician licensed under chapter The order shall include specific findings as to the criminal history and driving record.

For purposes of this section, the criminal history shall include all previous convictions and orders of deferred prosecution, as reported through the judicial information system or otherwise available to the court or prosecutor, current to within the period specified in subsection 3 of this section before the date of the order. For purposes of this section, the driving record shall include all information reported to the court by the department of licensing. For purposes of this subsection, "fully participate" means regularly providing records to and receiving records from the system by electronic means on a daily basis.

Sentences — Intermittent fulfillment — Restrictions. A sentencing court may allow a person convicted of a nonfelony violation of RCW However, any mandatory minimum sentence under RCW In addition to penalties that may be imposed under RCW The victim impact panel program must meet the minimum standards established under RCW A qualified probation department means a probation department for a district or municipal court that has a sufficient number of qualified alcohol assessment officers who meet the requirements of a qualified alcoholism counselor as provided by rule of the department of social and health services, except that the required hours of supervised work experience in an alcoholism agency may be satisfied by completing an equivalent number of hours of supervised work doing alcohol assessments within a probation department.

Refusal of tests — Admissibility as evidence. The refusal of a person to submit to a test of the alcohol or drug concentration in the person's breath under RCW The refusal of a person to submit to a test of the person's blood is admissible into evidence at a subsequent criminal trial when a search warrant, or an exception to the search warrant, authorized the seizure. Alcoholic beverages — Drinking or open container in vehicle on highway — Exceptions. A utility compartment or glove compartment is deemed to be within the area occupied by the driver and passengers.

Effective dates — c See RCW Ignition interlocks, biological, technical devices: RCW Severability — c See note following RCW 9. Effective date — c "This act is necessary for the immediate preservation of the public peace, health, or safety, or support of the state government and its existing public institutions, and shall take effect July 1, Severability — 2nd ex. Suspension or revocation of license upon conviction of vehicular homicide or assault: RCW Vehicular homicide, assault — Revocation of driving privilege — Eligibility for reinstatement.

As provided for under RCW The department shall determine the eligibility of a person convicted of vehicular homicide under RCW Technical correction bill — c See note following RCW 9. Effective date — c See RCW 9. Arrest of person involved in negligent driving: RCW Negligent driving — Second degree — Vulnerable user victim — Penalties — Definitions. To the extent not inconsistent with this section, the provisions of chapter Procedures for the conduct of all hearings provided for in this section may be established by rule of the supreme court.

If a person fails to meet the requirements of subsection 5 of this section, the court shall notify the department that the person has failed to meet the requirements of subsection 5 of this section and the department shall suspend the person's driving privileges. Notice provided by the court under this subsection must be in a form specified by the department. A A farm tractor or implement of husbandry, without an enclosed shell;.

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Application — c "This act applies to infractions committed on or after July 1, A roadway construction zone is an area where construction, repair, or maintenance work is being conducted by public employees or private contractors, on or adjacent to any public roadway. For the purpose of the pilot program referenced in section 2 , chapter , Laws of , during the fiscal biennium, a roadway construction zone includes areas where public employees or private contractors are not present but where a driving condition exists that would make it unsafe to drive at higher speeds, such as, when the department is redirecting or realigning lanes on or adjacent to any public roadway pursuant to ongoing construction.

Effective date — c "This act is necessary for the immediate preservation of the public peace, health, or safety, or support of the state government and its existing public institutions, and shall take effect immediately [March 28, ]. Racing of vehicles on highways — Reckless driving — Exception.

No person or persons may race any motor vehicle or motor vehicles upon any public highway of this state. Any person or persons who wilfully compare or contest relative speeds by operation of one or more motor vehicles shall be guilty of racing, which shall constitute reckless driving under RCW Arrest of person involved in racing of vehicles: RCW Advertising of unlawful speed — Reckless driving. It shall be unlawful for any manufacturer, dealer, distributor, or any person, firm, or corporation to publish or advertise or offer for publication or advertisement, or to consent or cause to be published or advertised, the time consumed or speed attained by a vehicle between given points or over given or designated distances upon any public highways of this state when such published or advertised time consumed or speed attained shall indicate an average rate of speed between given points or over a given or designated distance in excess of the maximum rate of speed allowed between such points or at a rate of speed which would constitute reckless driving between such points.

Violation of any of the provisions of this section shall be prima facie evidence of reckless driving and shall subject such person, firm, or corporation to the penalties in such cases provided. The word "drugs," as used in RCW The driver shall nonetheless arrange for the prompt removal of the vehicle as required by RCW However, public transportation service providers, including private, nonprofit transportation providers regulated under chapter Unattended motor vehicles: RCW Stopping, standing, or parking prohibited in specified places — Reserving portion of highway prohibited.

No person shall stop, stand, or park any vehicle in violation of the restrictions indicated by such devices. The secretary of transportation may adopt regulations governing the use and control of park and ride lots and other parking facilities operated by the department of transportation, including time limits for the parking of vehicles. Parking spaces for persons with disabilities — Indication, access — Failure, penalty. A parking space or stall for a person with a disability shall be indicated by a vertical sign with the international symbol of access, whose colors are white on a blue background, described under RCW The sign may include additional language such as, but not limited to, an indication of the amount of the monetary penalty defined in RCW Failure of the person owning or controlling the property where required parking spaces are located to erect and maintain the sign is a class 2 civil infraction under chapter 7.

The person owning or controlling the property where the required parking spaces are located shall ensure that the parking spaces are not blocked or made inaccessible, and failure to do so is a class 2 civil infraction. Effective date — Intent — Legislation to reconcile chapter , Laws of and other amendments made during the legislative session — c See notes following RCW Accessible parking spaces required: RCW Special parking for persons with disabilities — Unauthorized use: RCW Free parking for persons with disabilities — Exceptions. The person must obtain and display a parking placard or special license plate under RCW A special license plate or card issued by another state or country that indicates an occupant of the vehicle has a disability entitles the vehicle on or in which it is displayed and being used to transport the person with disabilities to the same parking privileges granted under this chapter to a vehicle with a similar special license plate or card issued by this state.

Winter recreational parking areas — Special permit required. Except when necessary to avoid conflict with other traffic, or in compliance with law or the directions of a police officer or official traffic control device, no person shall park a vehicle in an area designated by an official sign that it is a winter recreational parking area unless such vehicle displays, in accordance with regulations adopted by the parks and recreation commission, a special winter recreational area parking permit or permits.

Winter recreational parking areas: RCW 79A. Winter recreational parking areas — Penalty. Any violation of RCW 79A. Intent — c See note following RCW 3.

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Unattended motor vehicle — Removal from highway. It is unlawful for the operator of a vehicle to leave the vehicle unattended within the limits of any highway unless the operator of the vehicle arranges for the prompt removal of the vehicle. Towing and impoundment: Chapter Driving on sidewalk prohibited — Exception. No person shall drive any vehicle upon a sidewalk or sidewalk area except upon a permanent or duly authorized temporary driveway. This subsection shall not apply to motorcycles operated two abreast in a single lane.

However, this subsection shall not apply when the operator of a motorcycle overtakes and passes a pedestrian or bicyclist while maintaining a safe passing distance of at least three feet. A person operating a motorcycle shall ride only upon the permanent and regular seat attached thereto, and such operator shall not carry any other person nor shall any other person ride on a motorcycle unless such motorcycle is designed to carry more than one person, in which event a passenger may ride upon the permanent and regular seat if designed for two persons, or upon another seat firmly attached to the motorcycle at the rear or side of the operator.

However, the motorcycle must contain foot pegs or be equipped with an additional bucket seat and seat belt meeting standards prescribed under 49 C. Part for each person such motorcycle is designed to carry. Equipment regulations for motorcycles, motor-driven cycles, mopeds, or electric-assisted bicycles: RCW Mopeds: RCW Motorcycles — Maximum height for handlebars. No person shall operate on a public highway a motorcycle in which the handlebars or grips are more than thirty inches higher than the seat or saddle for the operator.

Riding on motorcycles — Position of feet. No person shall ride a motorcycle in a position where both feet are placed on the same side of the motorcycle. Motorcycles — Temporary suspension of restrictions for parades or public demonstrations. The provisions of RCW Riding on motorcycles — Clinging to other vehicles. No person riding upon a motorcycle shall attach himself or herself or the motorcycle to any other vehicle on a roadway. No person shall open the door of a motor vehicle on the side adjacent to moving traffic unless and until it is reasonably safe to do so, and can be done without interfering with the movement of other traffic, nor shall any person leave a door open on the side of a vehicle adjacent to moving traffic for a period of time longer than necessary to load or unload passengers.

The driver of any vehicle other than one on official business shall not follow any fire apparatus traveling in response to a fire alarm closer than five hundred feet or stop such vehicle within five hundred feet of any fire apparatus stopped in answer to a fire alarm. No vehicle shall be driven over any unprotected hose of a fire department when laid down on any street, or private driveway, to be used at any fire or alarm of fire, without the consent of the fire department official in command.

Throwing materials on highway prohibited — Removal. Findings — c See note following RCW Lighted material, disposal of: RCW Littering: Chapter Dropping load, other materials — Covering. Covering of such loads is not required if six inches of freeboard is maintained within the bed. Transporting waste to landfills: RCW It shall be unlawful for any person to transport any living animal on the running board, fenders, hood, or other outside part of any vehicle unless suitable harness, cage or enclosure be provided and so attached as to protect such animal from falling or being thrown therefrom.

It shall be unlawful for any person to transport any persons upon the running board, fenders, hood or other outside part of any vehicle, except that this provision shall not apply to authorized emergency vehicles or to solid waste collection vehicles that are engaged in collecting solid waste or recyclables on route at speeds of twenty miles per hour or less.

It shall be unlawful for any person to operate a motor vehicle upon the highways of this state when such person has in his or her embrace another person which prevents the free and unhampered operation of such vehicle. Operation of a motor vehicle in violation of this section is prima facie evidence of reckless driving.

It shall be unlawful to operate or drive any vehicle or combination of vehicles over or along any pavement or gravel or crushed rock surface on a public highway with one wheel or all of the wheels off the roadway thereof, except as permitted by RCW Any driver who commits this infraction must be assessed a base penalty of thirty dollars. All receipts from the base penalty in subsection 1 of this section must be deposited into the account. Expenditures from the account may be used only to support programs dedicated to reducing distracted driving and improving driver education on distracted driving.

It shall be unlawful for the owner, or any other person, in employing or otherwise directing the operator of any vehicle to require or knowingly to permit the operation of such vehicle upon any public highway in any manner contrary to the law. Lowering passenger vehicle below legal clearance — Penalty. It is unlawful to operate any passenger motor vehicle which has been modified from the original design so that any portion of such passenger vehicle other than the wheels has less clearance from the surface of a level roadway than the clearance between the roadway and the lowermost portion of any rim of any wheel the tire on which is in contact with such roadway.

Violation of the provisions of this section is a traffic infraction. Leaving children unattended in standing vehicle with motor running — Penalty. Upon a second or subsequent conviction for a violation of this section, the department shall revoke the operator's license of such person. Leaving children unattended in parked automobile while entering tavern, etc. Child passenger restraint required — Conditions — Exceptions — Penalty for violation — Dismissal — Noncompliance not negligence — Immunity. The child restraint system must comply with standards of the United States department of transportation and must be secured in the vehicle in accordance with instructions of the vehicle manufacturer and the child restraint system manufacturer.

The visual inspection for usage of a child restraint system must ensure that the child restraint system is being used in accordance with the instruction of the vehicle and the child restraint system manufacturers. The driver of a vehicle transporting a child who is under thirteen years old shall transport the child in the back seat positions in the vehicle where it is practical to do so.

If the person to whom the notice was issued presents proof of acquisition of an approved child passenger restraint system or a child booster seat, as appropriate, within seven days to the jurisdiction issuing the notice and the person has not previously had a violation of this section dismissed, the jurisdiction shall dismiss the notice of traffic infraction. Failure to use a child restraint system shall not be admissible as evidence of negligence in any civil action.

Intent — c "The legislature recognizes that fewer than five percent of all drivers use child booster seats for children over the age of four years. The legislature also recognizes that seventy-one percent of deaths resulting from car accidents could be eliminated if every child under the age of sixteen used an appropriate child safety seat, booster seat, or seat belt.

The legislature further recognizes the National Transportation Safety Board's recommendations that promote the use of booster seats to increase the safety of children under eight years of age. Therefore, it is the legislature's intent to decrease deaths and injuries to children by promoting safety education and injury prevention measures, as well as increasing public awareness on ways to maximize the protection of children in vehicles.

Short title — c "This act may be known and cited as the Anton Skeen Act. Standards for child passenger restraint systems: RCW Child restraint system required — Conditions — Exceptions — Penalty for violation — Dismissal — Noncompliance not negligence — Immunity. A child may continue to be properly secured in a child restraint system that is rear-facing until the child reaches the weight or height limit of the child restraint system as set by the manufacturer, as recommended by the American academy of pediatrics.

A child may continue to be properly secured in a child restraint system that is forward-facing and has a harness until the child reaches the weight or height limit of the child restraint system as set by the manufacturer, as recommended by the American academy of pediatrics. A child may continue to be properly secured in a child booster seat until the vehicle lap and shoulder seat belts fit properly, typically when the child is between the ages of eight and twelve years of age, as recommended by the American academy of pediatrics, or must be properly secured with the motor vehicle's safety belt properly adjusted and fastened around the child's body.

If the person to whom the notice was issued presents proof of acquisition of an approved child restraint system or a child booster seat, as appropriate, within seven days to the jurisdiction issuing the notice and the person has not previously had a violation of this section dismissed, the jurisdiction shall dismiss the notice of traffic infraction. Child passenger safety technician — Immunity. A person who has a current national certification as a child passenger safety technician and who in good faith provides inspection, adjustment, or educational services regarding child passenger restraint systems is not liable for civil damages resulting from any act or omission in providing the services, other than acts or omissions constituting gross negligence or willful or wanton misconduct.

Safety belts, use required — Penalties — Exemptions. Part ; and. Part are occupied. A finding that a person has committed a traffic infraction under this section shall be contained in the driver's abstract but shall not be available to insurance companies or employers. Study of effectiveness — c "The traffic safety commission shall undertake a study of the effectiveness of section 1 of this act and shall report its finding to the legislative transportation committee by January 1, Physicians — Immunity from liability regarding safety belts: RCW 4.

Seat belts and shoulder harnesses, required equipment: RCW Child restraints, seat belts — Educational campaign. The traffic safety commission shall conduct an educational campaign using all available methods to raise public awareness of the importance of properly restraining child passengers and the value of seat belts to adult motorists.

The traffic safety commission shall report to the transportation committees of the legislature on the campaign and results observed on the highways. The first report is due December 1, , and annually thereafter. Violations relating to toll facilities — Exception. Contingent effective date — c See note following RCW Severability — c "If any provision of this act, or its application to any person or circumstance is held invalid, the remainder of the act, or the application of the provision to other persons or circumstances is not affected.

The parent of any child and the guardian of any ward shall not authorize or knowingly permit any such child or ward to violate any of the provisions of this chapter. Reviser's note: This section was enacted just before sections about the operation of bicycles and play vehicles and was accordingly so codified in Other sections enacted later have been codified under the numbers remaining between RCW Unlawful to allow unauthorized child or ward to drive: RCW Fenders must be as wide as the tires behind which they are mounted and extend downward at least half way to the center of the axle.

An accident report must indicate and be tracked separately when any of the vehicles involved are an off-road motorcycle. A person may operate a motorcycle, that previously had been converted to a snow bike, upon a public road, street, or highway of this state if:. Mopeds, EPAMDs, motorized foot scooters, personal delivery devices, electric-assisted bicycles, class 1 electric-assisted bicycles, class 2 electric-assisted bicycles, class 3 electric-assisted bicycles — General requirements and operation.

Operation of a personal delivery device on any part of a highway other than a sidewalk or crosswalk is unlawful, except as provided in RCW Operation of a moped on a sidewalk is unlawful. Operation of a motorized foot scooter or class 3 electric-assisted bicycle on a sidewalk is unlawful, unless there is no alternative for a motorized foot scooter or a class 3 electric-assisted bicycle to travel over a sidewalk as part of a bicycle or pedestrian path, or if authorized by local ordinance, as provided in RCW Local regulation of the operation of class 1 or class 2 electric-assisted bicycles, upon a shared use path designated for the use of bicycles that crosses jurisdictional boundaries of two or more local jurisdictions, must be consistent for the entire shared use path in order for the local regulation to be enforceable; however, this does not apply to local regulations of a shared use path in effect as of January 1, Class 3 electric-assisted bicycles may not be operated on a shared-use path, except where local jurisdictions may allow the use of class 3 electric-assisted bicycles.

State agencies or local jurisdictions may regulate the use of class 3 electric-assisted bicycles on facilities and properties under their jurisdiction and control. Local regulation of the operation of class 3 electric-assisted bicycles, upon a shared use path designated for the use of bicycles that crosses jurisdictional boundaries of two or more local jurisdictions, must be consistent for the entire shared use path in order for the local regulation to be enforceable; however, this does not apply to local regulations of a shared use path in effect as of January 1, A local authority or agency of this state having jurisdiction over a trail described in this subsection may allow the operation of an electric-assisted bicycle or motorized foot scooter on that trail.

Subsection 2 of this section applies to motorized foot scooters when the bicycle path, trail, bikeway, equestrian trail, or hiking or recreational trail was built or is maintained with federal highway transportation funds. Additionally, any new trail or bicycle path or readily identifiable existing trail or bicycle path not built or maintained with federal highway transportation funds may be used by persons operating motorized foot scooters only when signed to allow motorized foot scooter use.

An operator must also give an audible signal before overtaking and passing a pedestrian.


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Except for the limitations of this subsection, persons operating an EPAMD have all the rights and duties of a pedestrian. The areas in this subsection must be designated by the city engineer or designee of the municipality. Municipalities shall not restrict the speed of an EPAMD in the entire community or in areas in which there is infrequent pedestrian traffic;. Both amendments are incorporated in the publication of this section under RCW 1. For rule of construction, see RCW 1. Legislative review — c See note following RCW Motorized foot scooters and shared scooters — Local authority may regulate — Contracts offered by scooter share programs to scooter share contractors — Written disclosure.

All scooter share programs must carry the following insurance coverage:. All shared scooters must bear a single unique alphanumeric identification visible from a distance of five feet, which shall not be obfuscated by branding or other markings, which shall be used throughout the state, including by local authorities, to identify the shared scooter. Mopeds shall comply with those federal motor vehicle safety standards established under the national traffic vehicle safety act of 15 U. The department must track medium-speed electric vehicles in a separate registration category for reporting purposes;.

A person operating a medium-speed electric vehicle as authorized under this subsection must not cross a roadway with a speed limit in excess of forty-five miles per hour, unless the crossing begins and ends on a roadway with a speed limit of forty-five miles per hour or less and occurs at an intersection of approximately ninety degrees, except that the operator of a medium-speed electric vehicle must not cross an uncontrolled intersection of streets and highways that are part of the state highway system subject to Title 47 RCW unless that intersection has been authorized by local authorities under subsection 3 of this section.


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  • An accident report must indicate and be tracked separately when any of the vehicles involved are a medium-speed electric vehicle. Effective date — c "This act is necessary for the immediate preservation of the public peace, health, or safety, or support of the state government and its existing public institutions, and takes effect April 1, The department must track neighborhood electric vehicles in a separate registration category for reporting purposes;.

    A person operating a neighborhood electric vehicle as authorized under this subsection must not cross a roadway with a speed limit in excess of forty-five miles per hour, unless the crossing begins and ends on a roadway with a speed limit of forty-five miles per hour or less and occurs at an intersection of approximately ninety degrees, except that the operator of a neighborhood electric vehicle must not cross an uncontrolled intersection of streets and highways that are part of the state highway system subject to Title 47 RCW unless that intersection has been authorized by local authorities under subsection 3 of this section.

    An accident report must indicate and be tracked separately when any of the vehicles involved are a neighborhood electric vehicle. For the purposes of this chapter, "personal delivery device" has the same meaning as in RCW Ferry queues — Violations — Exemptions. Vehicles qualifying for preferential loading privileges under rules adopted by the department of transportation are exempt from this section. In addition to any other penalty imposed for a violation of this section, the driver will be directed to immediately move the motor vehicle to the end of the queue of vehicles waiting to board the ferry.

    Violations of this section are not part of the vehicle driver's driving record under RCW Possessing or consuming marijuana in vehicle on highway — Penalty, exceptions — Definition. A utility compartment or glove compartment is deemed to be within the area occupied by the driver and passengers;. The term does not include the mature stalks of the plant, fiber produced from the stalks, oil or cake made from the seeds of the plant, any other compound, manufacture, salt, derivative, mixture, or preparation of the mature stalks, except the resin extracted therefrom, fiber, oil, or cake, or the sterilized seed of the plant which is incapable of germination.

    All hand signals required of persons operating bicycles shall be given in the following manner:. Left hand and arm extended horizontally beyond the side of the bicycle;. Left hand and arm extended upward beyond the side of the bicycle, or right hand and arm extended horizontally to the right side of the bicycle;. Left hand and arm extended downward beyond the side of the bicycle. The hand signals required by this section shall be given before initiation of a turn. No person riding upon any bicycle, coaster, roller skates, sled, or toy vehicle shall attach the same or himself or herself to any vehicle upon a roadway.

    Riding on roadways and bicycle paths. A person operating a bicycle upon a roadway or highway other than a limited-access highway, which roadway or highway carries traffic in one direction only and has two or more marked traffic lanes, may ride as near to the left side of the left through lane as is safe. A person operating a bicycle upon a roadway may use the shoulder of the roadway or any specially designated bicycle lane if such exists.

    Use of bicycles on limited-access highways: RCW No person operating a bicycle shall carry any package, bundle or article which prevents the driver from keeping at least one hand upon the handlebars. A lamp emitting a red light visible from a distance of five hundred feet to the rear may be used in addition to the red reflector. A light-emitting diode flashing taillight visible from a distance of five hundred feet to the rear may also be used in addition to the red reflector.

    Short title — c See note following RCW The law enforcement officer offering to transport an intoxicated bicycle rider under this section shall:. No suit or action may be commenced or prosecuted against the law enforcement officer, law enforcement agency, the state of Washington, or any political subdivision of the state for any act resulting from the refusal of the bicycle rider to accept this assistance. The bicyclist will be given a written notice of when and where the impounded bicycle may be reclaimed.

    The bicycle may be reclaimed by the bicycle rider when the bicycle rider no longer appears to be intoxicated, or by an individual who can establish ownership of the bicycle. The bicycle must be returned without payment of a fee. If the bicycle is not reclaimed within thirty days, it will be subject to sale or disposal consistent with agency procedures. Site Contents Selected content listed in alphabetical order under each group.

    Failure to obey officer — Penalty. Persons riding animals or driving animal-drawn vehicles. Obedience to and required traffic control devices. Display of unauthorized signs, signals, or markings. Interference with official traffic-control devices or railroad signs or signals. Keep right except when passing, etc. Passing vehicles proceeding in opposite directions. When overtaking on the right is permitted. Limitations on overtaking on the left.

    Further limitations on driving to left of center of roadway. One-way roadways and rotary traffic islands. Driving on roadways laned for traffic. Stop intersections other than arterial may be designated. Stopping when traffic obstructed. Operation of vehicles on approach of emergency vehicles.